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Jødedommen

  • Begyndelsen og Tænkeren af Bibelselskabet. Nudansk oversættelse.
    - Første Mosebog og Prædikerens Bog på nudansk
    af Bibelselskabet. Nudansk oversættelse.

    Det hele begynder her. Med Adam og Eva, Kain og Abel, Noa og regnbuen. Vi kender dem alle sammen, for Første Mosebog er og bliver Begyndelsen, de store fortællingers moder.Men Bibelen er mere end begyndelsen - den er også filosofi og tanker om livet. Prædikerens Bog, som på nudansk hedder Tænkeren, stiller skarpt på de helt store spørgsmål, som vi stadig stiller os selv: Hvad er der tid til? Sker der overhovedet noget nyt under solen? Og hvad er meningen med livet?Et hold af forskere og sprogfolk har oversat to af Bibelens mest berømte skrifter fra de hebraiske tekster til et levende nudansk, der letter forståelsen.Nye læsere kan begynde her.

  • Gudsriget af Emmanuel Carrere
    af Emmanuel Carrere

    I starten af 90’erne gennemlevede Emmanuel Carrère selv en personlig krise, der udviklede sig til en glødende religiøsitet. Tyve år senere er religiøsiteten kølet af, men nu kan Carrère bruge den private, biografiske vinkel til at fortælle historien om kristendommen, om hvorfor vi tror på Jesu genopstandelse, og hvad den betyder og hvorfor den har formået at holde sig relevant også for moderne mennesker.I Gudsriget fortæller Emmanuel Carrère historien om, hvordan Paulus og Lukas forvandlede en mindre jødisk sekt til det, der skulle blive en verdensomspændende religion.

  • Dansk Kommentar til Davids Salmer II af Kirsten Nielsen Spar 20%
    af Kirsten Nielsen & Else K Holt

    Indeholder fortolkninger af Davids Salme 1-72

  • Gammeltestamentlig religion af Hans J. Lundager Jensen Spar 20%
    - En indføring
    af Hans J. Lundager Jensen

    Der er lagt særlig vægt på kultiske og rituelle emner. Fremstillingen illustreres af gennemgange af markante tekster fra Det Gamle Testamente.

  • Sunflower af Simon Wiesenthal Spar 24%
    - On the Possibilities and Limits of Forgiveness
    af Simon Wiesenthal

    A Holocaust survivor'ssurprising and thought-provoking study of forgiveness,justice, compassion, and human responsibility, featuring contributions from theDalai Lama, Harry Wu, Cynthia Ozick,Primo Levi, and more.While imprisoned in a Nazi concentration camp, Simon Wiesenthal was taken one day from his work detail to the bedside of a dying member of the SS. Haunted by the crimes in which he had participated, the soldier wanted to confess to--and obtain absolution from--a Jew. Faced with the choice between compassion and justice, silence and truth, Wiesenthal said nothing.But even years after the way had ended, he wondered: Had he done the right thing? What would you have done in his place?In this important book, fifty-three distinguished men and women respond to Wiesenthal's questions. They are theologians, political leaders, writers, jurists, psychiatrists, human rights activists, Holocaust survivors, and victims of attempted genocides in Bosnia, Cambodia, China and Tibet. Their responses, as varied as their experiences of the world, remind us that Wiesenthal's questions are not limited to events of the past.

  • Orientalisten af Tom Reiss
    - Mysteriet om Lev Nussimbaums besynderlige og farlige liv
    af Tom Reiss

    Orientalisten er en enestående historie om den fascinerende løgner og eventyrer Lev Nussimbaum og er så fantastisk, at man kunne tro, det var en roman. Men indholdet er fuldstændig autentisk. Nu opruller den pulitzer-prisvindende forfatter (bl.a. til Den sorte greve) Tom Reiss hele historien om jøden, der iscenesatte sig selv som litterær personlighed og muslimsk prins midt i Nazi-tyskland.Lev Nussimbaum blev født i Baku i Kaukasus som søn af en rig oliemogul, der sammen med sin søn flygtede fra Baku under den russiske revolution. I 20’ernes og 30’ernes Berlin skabte Lev Nussimbaum sig et liv som forfatter af farverige orientalske eventyr. Hvad enten han iscenesatte sig som muslimsk prins, eksiljøde, kaldte sig Essad Bey eller Kurban Said (forfatter til den af eftertiden lovpriste kærlighedshistorie Ali og Nino) var østens mystik og dens magnetiske tiltrækningskraft på europæerne, hovedingrediensen i både hans værker og i hans selviscenesættelse.Tom Reiss rejser bogstaveligt talt land og rige rundt i et forsøg på at komme nærmere sandheden om forvandlingskunstnerens utrolige liv og kommer undervejs ud for møder, der er næsten ligeså dramatiske, overraskende og hjerteskærende, som hans hovedpersons liv.

  • Arguments Against the Christian Religion in Amsterdam by Saul Levi Morteira, Spinoza's Rabbi af Kaplan Gregory Kaplan
    af Kaplan Gregory Kaplan

    This is the first book to offer a translation into English-as well as a critical study-of a Spanish treatise written around 1650 by Rabbi Saul Levi Morteira, whose most renowned congregant was Baruch Spinoza. Aimed at encouraging the practice of halachic Judaism among the Amsterdam-based descendants of conversos, Spanish and Portuguese Sephardic Jews who had been forced to convert to Christianity, the book stages a dialogue between two conversos that ultimately leads to a vision of a Jewish homeland-an outcome that Morteira thought was only possible through his program for rejudaisation.

  • Writing on Water af Judit Niran Frigyesi Spar 14%
    af Judit Niran Frigyesi

    Writing on Water is an attempt to grasp the phenomenon of sound in prayer, that is: a meaning in sounds and soundscapes, and a musical essence in the act of praying. The impetus for the book was the author's fieldwork among traditional Jews during the era of communism in Budapest and Prague. In that era the Jewish religion and Jewishness in general were supressed; the rituals were semi-secret and became inward-turning. The book is a witness to these communities and their rituals, but it goes beyond documentation. The uniqueness of the sounds of the rituals compelled the author to try to comprehend how melodies and soundscapes became the sustaining/protective environment, as well as the vehicle, for the expression of a world-orientation-in a situation where open discourse was inconceivable. The book is based on extensive interviews, musical recordings, photographs and scholarly analyses. It is unique in its choice of communities, its wealth of original documents, and in its novel interpretation of sound. Writing on Water is creative non-fiction. The presentation is evocative and poetic, but nevertheless, it transmits knowledge. Where this potential is understood, the book can aid research and serve in courses in philosophy, religion, music, ethnomusicology, anthropology, aesthetics, Jewish studies, folklore, oral history, and performance studies. At the same time it could be read as belle lettre.

  • Der Talmud af Jakob Fromer
    af Jakob Fromer

    Der Talmud - Wegweiser zum Studium des judischen Glaubens | fur die eBook-Ausgabe optimiert und mit verlinktem eBook-Inhaltsverzeichnis | Im Gegensatz zu vielen anderen heiligen Schriften verschiedener Religionen stehen im Zentrum des Talmud originar keine Texte, die direkt auf das Wort eines ubergeordneten Gottes zuruckgefuhrt werden, sondern es geht um deren Interpretation. In diesem Fall die Interpretation der eigentlichen judischen Gesetzestexte, der Tora. - Allerdings hat der Talmud durch seine Kraft und Autoritat im Lauf der Jahrhunderte sehr wohl den Status einer heiligen Schrift erreicht.

  • Torah af Anonym
    - The first five books of the Hebrew bible
    af Anonym

    This book has been aesthetically optimized for reading Often referred to as Torah, the first five Books of the Hebrew Bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy) are the foundation of Judaism.

  • Elsker hverandre af Aage Madelung
    af Aage Madelung

    Aage Madelung tager os med tilbage til starten af det tyvende århundrede og præsenterer os for livet i en jødisk ghetto i Rusland. Vi møder den jødiske pige Hanne-Liebe og følger hende i kampen for et bedre liv på trods af sin herkomst og sårbare position i samfundet.Den dansk-svenske forfatter Aage Madelung (1872-1949) levede et spændende og omskifteligt liv. Han blev født i Skåne og voksede op i både Danmark og Sverige. Som forretningsmand rejste han i Rusland i årene op til den første russiske revolution i 1905, og under første verdenskrig var han krigskorrespondent. Aage Madelung står bag en lang række romaner, noveller og krigsbøger.

  • Sephardic Atlantic
    - Colonial Histories and Postcolonial Perspectives
     

    This volume contributes to the growing field of Early Modern Jewish Atlantic History, while stimulating new discussions at the interface between Jewish Studies and Postcolonial Studies. It is a collection of substantive, sophisticated and variegated essays, combining case studies with theoretical reflections, organized into three sections: race and blood, metropoles and colonies, and history and memory. Twelve chapters treat converso slave traders, race and early Afro-Portuguese relations in West Africa, Sephardim and people of color in nineteenth-century Curacao, Portuguese converso/Sephardic imperialist behavior, Caspar Barlaeus' attitude toward Jews in the Sephardic Atlantic, Jewish-Creole historiography in eighteenth-century Suriname, Savannah's eighteenth-century Sephardic community in an Altantic setting, Freemasonry and Sephardim in the British Empire, the figure of Columbus in popular literature about the Caribbean, key works of Caribbean postcolonial literature on Sephardim, the holocaust, slavery and race, Canadian Jewish identity in the reception history of Esther Brandeau/Jacques La Fargue and Moroccan-Jewish memories of a sixteenth-century Portuguese military defeat.

  • Iudaea / Idumaea, Part 1: 2649-3324 Spar 16%
    - A multi-lingual corpus of the inscriptions from Alexander to Muhammad
     

    Anyone involved in the study of ancient Iudaea/Palaestina and its vicinity has felt the need for a comprehensive work containing all the inscriptions in various languages found in the region. The lack of such a work was all the more regrettable, as the material concerns not only those interested in the region, but also students of a great variety of related subjects, such as the history of the ancient Near East, ancient Jewish history and early Christianity, and, of course, historians of the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods.A group of scholars from Israel and Germany is now producing such a corpus. It contains all the inscriptions from the time of Graeco-Roman rule in the area, from the time of Alexander until the end of Byzantine rule in Palestine around 640. The territory covered is the strip between the Mediterranean and the river Jordan, the Negev, and the Golan Heights. Unlike traditional corpora of inscriptions it is intended to include inscriptions in all languages represented: not only Greek and Latin, but also Semitic languages, primarily Hebrew, Aramaic (Jewish, Samaritan, Nabataean, Christian and Syriac), Thamudic and the Caucasian languages. The advantages of such a Corpus are obvious: all cultural phenomena expressed in inscriptions can be seen together. The inscriptions are presented within their specific context, and complemented by a translation and commentary; where available, the texts are accompanied by a reproduction.Each volume of the edition is dedicated to a specific region: Vol. 1 Jerusalem, Vol. 2 Caesarea and the Middle Coast, Vol. 3 South Coast, Vol. 4 Judea/Idumea, Vol. 5 Galilee, Vol. 6 Negev. The whole Corpus is planned to be published by 2020.

  • Imagery Techniques in Modern Jewish Mysticism af Daniel Reiser Spar 16%
    af Daniel Reiser

    This book analyzes and describes the development and aspects of imagery techniques, a primary mode of mystical experience, in twentieth century Jewish mysticism. These techniques, in contrast to linguistic techniques in medieval Kabbalah and in contrast to early Hasidism, have all the characteristics of a full screenplay, a long and complicated plot woven together from many scenes, a kind of a feature film. Research on this development and nature of the imagery experience is carried out through comparison to similar developments in philosophy and psychology anda is fruitfully contextualized within broader trends of western and eastern mysticism.

  • Seder Eliyahu af Constanza Cordoni Spar 16%
    - A Narratological Reading
    af Constanza Cordoni

    The book is concerned with a so called ethical midrash, Seder Eliyahu (also known as Tanna debe Eliyahu), a post-talmudic work probably composed in the ninth century. It provides a survey of the research on this late midrash followed by five studies of different aspects related to what is designated as the work's narratology. These include a discussion of the problem of the apparent pseudo-epigraphy of the work and of the multiple voices of the text; a description of the various narrative types which the work, itself as a whole of non-narrative character, makes use of; a detailed treatment of Seder Eliyahu's parables and most characteristic first person narratives (an extremely unusual form of narrative discourse in rabbinic literature); as well as a final chapter dedicated to selected women stories in this late midrash. As it emerges from the survey in chapter 1 such a narratologically informed study of Seder Eliyahu represents a new approach in the research on a work that is clearly the product of a time of transition in Jewish literature.

  • Seder Eliyahu af Constanza Cordoni Spar 16%
    - A Narratological Reading
    af Constanza Cordoni

    The book is concerned with a so called ethical midrash, Seder Eliyahu (also known as Tanna debe Eliyahu), a post-talmudic work probably composed in the ninth century. It provides a survey of the research on this late midrash followed by five studies of different aspects related to what is designated as the work's narratology. These include a discussion of the problem of the apparent pseudo-epigraphy of the work and of the multiple voices of the text; a description of the various narrative types which the work, itself as a whole of non-narrative character, makes use of; a detailed treatment of Seder Eliyahu's parables and most characteristic first person narratives (an extremely unusual form of narrative discourse in rabbinic literature); as well as a final chapter dedicated to selected women stories in this late midrash. As it emerges from the survey in chapter 1 such a narratologically informed study of Seder Eliyahu represents a new approach in the research on a work that is clearly the product of a time of transition in Jewish literature.

  • Converts of Conviction
    - Faith and Scepticism in Nineteenth Century European Jewish Society
     

    The study of Jewish converts to Christianity in the modern era has long been marginalized in Jewish historiography. Labeled disparagingly in the Jewish tradition as meshumadim (apostates), many earlier Jewish scholars treated these individuals in a negative light or generally ignored them as not properly belonging any longer to the community and its historical legacy. This situation has radically changed in recent years with an outpouring of new studies on converts in variegated times and places, culminating perhaps in the most recent synthesis of modern Jewish converts by Todd Endelman in 2015. While Endelman argues that most modern converts left the Jewish fold for economic, social, or political reasons, he does acknowledge the presence of those who chose to convert for ideological and spiritual motives. The purpose of this volume is to consider more fully the latter group, perhaps the most interesting from the perspective of Jewish intellectual history: those who moved from Judaism to Christianity out of a conviction that they were choosing a superior religion, and out of doubt or lack of confidence in the religious principles and practices of their former one. Their spiritual journeys often led them to suspect their newly adopted beliefs as well, and some even returned to Judaism or adopted a hybrid faith consisting of elements of both religions. Their intellectual itineraries between Judaism and Christianity offer a unique perspective on the formation of modern Jewish identities, Jewish-Christian relations, and the history of Jewish skeptical postures. The approach of the authors of this book is to avoid broad generalizations about the modern convert in favor of detailed case studies of specific converts in four distinct localities: Germany, Russia, Poland, and England, all living in the nineteenth- century. In so doing, it underscores the individuality of each convert's life experience and self-reflection and the need to examine more intensely this relatively neglected dimension of Jewish and Christian cultural and intellectual history.

  • Converts of Conviction
    - Faith and Scepticism in Nineteenth Century European Jewish Society
     

    The study of Jewish converts to Christianity in the modern era has long been marginalized in Jewish historiography. Labeled disparagingly in the Jewish tradition as meshumadim (apostates), many earlier Jewish scholars treated these individuals in a negative light or generally ignored them as not properly belonging any longer to the community and its historical legacy. This situation has radically changed in recent years with an outpouring of new studies on converts in variegated times and places, culminating perhaps in the most recent synthesis of modern Jewish converts by Todd Endelman in 2015. While Endelman argues that most modern converts left the Jewish fold for economic, social, or political reasons, he does acknowledge the presence of those who chose to convert for ideological and spiritual motives. The purpose of this volume is to consider more fully the latter group, perhaps the most interesting from the perspective of Jewish intellectual history: those who moved from Judaism to Christianity out of a conviction that they were choosing a superior religion, and out of doubt or lack of confidence in the religious principles and practices of their former one. Their spiritual journeys often led them to suspect their newly adopted beliefs as well, and some even returned to Judaism or adopted a hybrid faith consisting of elements of both religions. Their intellectual itineraries between Judaism and Christianity offer a unique perspective on the formation of modern Jewish identities, Jewish-Christian relations, and the history of Jewish skeptical postures. The approach of the authors of this book is to avoid broad generalizations about the modern convert in favor of detailed case studies of specific converts in four distinct localities: Germany, Russia, Poland, and England, all living in the nineteenth- century. In so doing, it underscores the individuality of each convert's life experience and self-reflection and the need to examine more intensely this relatively neglected dimension of Jewish and Christian cultural and intellectual history.

  • Yearbook of the Maimonides Centre for Advanced Studies. 2017
     

    The Yearbook of the Maimonides Centre for Advanced Studies mirrors the annual activities of staff and visiting fellows of the Centre as well as scholars of the Institute for Jewish Philosophy and Religion at the University of Hamburg and reports on symposia, workshops, and lectures. Although aimed at a wider audience, the yearbook also contains academic articles and book reviews on scepticism in Judaism and scepticism in general. The Yearbook 2016 was published as volume 1 in the series Jewish Thought, Philosophy, and Religion. From 2017 onwards, the Yearbook is published as a separate series. Further book series of the Maimonides Centre for Advanced Studies are Studies and Texts in Scepticism and Jewish Thought, Philosophy, and Religion.

  • Yearbook of the Maimonides Centre for Advanced Studies. 2017
     

    The Yearbook of the Maimonides Centre for Advanced Studies mirrors the annual activities of staff and visiting fellows of the Centre as well as scholars of the Institute for Jewish Philosophy and Religion at the University of Hamburg and reports on symposia, workshops, and lectures. Although aimed at a wider audience, the yearbook also contains academic articles and book reviews on scepticism in Judaism and scepticism in general. The Yearbook 2016 was published as volume 1 in the series Jewish Thought, Philosophy, and Religion. From 2017 onwards, the Yearbook is published as a separate series. Further book series of the Maimonides Centre for Advanced Studies are Studies and Texts in Scepticism and Jewish Thought, Philosophy, and Religion.

  • Yearbook of the Maimonides Centre for Advanced Studies. 2016
     

    The Yearbook of the Maimonides Centre for Advanced Studies mirrors the annual activities of staff and visiting fellows of the Centre as well as scholars of the Institute for Jewish Philosophy and Religion at the University of Hamburg and reports on symposia, workshops, and lectures. Although aimed at a wider audience, the yearbook also contains academic articles and book reviews on scepticism in Judaism and scepticism in general. The Yearbook 2016 was published as volume 1 in the series Jewish Thought, Philosophy, and Religion. From 2017 onwards, the Yearbook is published as a separate series. Further book series of the Maimonides Centre for Advanced Studies are Studies and Texts in Scepticism and Jewish Thought, Philosophy, and Religion.

  • Yearbook of the Maimonides Centre for Advanced Studies. 2016
     

    The Yearbook of the Maimonides Centre for Advanced Studies mirrors the annual activities of staff and visiting fellows of the Centre as well as scholars of the Institute for Jewish Philosophy and Religion at the University of Hamburg and reports on symposia, workshops, and lectures. Although aimed at a wider audience, the yearbook also contains academic articles and book reviews on scepticism in Judaism and scepticism in general. The Yearbook 2016 was published as volume 1 in the series Jewish Thought, Philosophy, and Religion. From 2017 onwards, the Yearbook is published as a separate series. Further book series of the Maimonides Centre for Advanced Studies are Studies and Texts in Scepticism and Jewish Thought, Philosophy, and Religion.

  • Religious Education
    - Between Radicalism and Tolerance
     

    The authors of this volume examine theory and practice regarding past and present roles of Jewish, Christian and Islamic religious education in nurturing tolerance, interpreted as mutual respect for and recognition of other groups, in Eastern (Albania, Bulgaria, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro and Romania) and Western (Finland, Germany, Italy, Latvia and Spain) Europe, Israel, Nigeria and Uzbekistan. They also explore potential roles of religion and exclusivism in fostering (Islamic state, NGOs, etc.), but also averting (Islamic legal theory, authority, Sufism, etc.) radicalization, and of secular states in allowing, but also banning minority religious education in public schools.With contributions from Friedrich Schweitzer, Martin Rothgangel, Gerhard Langer, Daniela Stan, Arto Kallioniemi, Juan Ferreiro Galguera, Maria Chiara Giorda, Rossana M. Salerno, Viorica Goras-Postica, Constantin Iulian Damian, Valentin Ilie, Dzintra Ilisko, Ayman Agbaria, Zilola Khalilova, Raid al-Daghistani, Osman Tastan, Moshe Ma'oz, Adriana Cupcea, Muhamed Ali, Rudiger Lohlker and Dele Ashiru.The Editors Ednan Aslan is the Chair of Islamic Theological studies at the University of Vienna where he is a Professor for Islamic Education. Margaret Rausch is scholar, researcher and university instructor in the field of Islamic and Religious Studies.

  • Psalms In/On Jerusalem Spar 16%
     

    This volume explores the ways in which Jerusalem is represented in Psalms - from its position in the context of liturgical and pilgrim songs to its role as metaphor. Jerusalem in the Book of Psalms is the site of scenes of redemption, joy, and celebration of the proximity to God and the house of the Lord. But it is also the quintessential locus of loss, marked by cries over the devastating destruction of the Temple. These two antithetical poles of Jerusalem are expressed in both personal terms as well as within a collective framework. The bulk of the articles are devoted to questions of reception, to the ways in which the geographies of the Book of Psalms have travelled across their native bounds and entered other historical settings, acquiring new forms and meanings.a a a a a

  • Modern Jewish Scholarship on Islam in Context Spar 16%
    - Rationality, European Borders, and the Search for Belonging
     

    After World War II, Ernst Ludwig Ehrlich (1921-2007) published works in English and German by eminent Israeli scholars, in this way introducing them to a wider audience in Europe and North America. The series he founded for that purpose, Studia Judaica, continues to offer a platform for scholarly studies and editions that cover all eras in the history of the Jewish religion.

  • Modern Jewish Scholarship on Islam in Context Spar 16%
    - Rationality, European Borders, and the Search for Belonging
     

    After World War II, Ernst Ludwig Ehrlich (1921-2007) published works in English and German by eminent Israeli scholars, in this way introducing them to a wider audience in Europe and North America. The series he founded for that purpose, Studia Judaica, continues to offer a platform for scholarly studies and editions that cover all eras in the history of the Jewish religion.

  • Masorah of Elijah ha-Naqdan af Elodie Attia
    - An Edition of Ashkenazic Micrographical Notes
    af Elodie Attia

    Following Levita's statement, the Masorah transmitted by medieval illuminated manuscripts was generally considered as less significant for the study of the biblical and masoretical knowledge in the Jewish world. The biblical codices produced in Ashkenaz were considerably disregarded compared to Spanish codices. Challenging this assertion, this work engages in a reflection on the link between the standard Eastern tradition and the Ashkenazic biblical text-culture of the 13th century. Elodie Attia provides an edition of thirteen cases taken from MS Vat. Ebr. 14, offering the oldest series of Masoretic notes written inside figurative and ornamental designs. Its critical apparatus offers an unprecedented comparison with the oldest Eastern and Ashkenazic sources to evaluate if the scribe paid more attention to aesthetic details than to the textual contents. In an unexpected way, the Masoretic notes of Elijah ha-Naqdan, even written in figurative forms, show a close philological link with the Masorah of the eastern Tiberian sources and prove that the presence of figurative elements neither represents a loss nor a distortion of Masoretic knowledge, but rather illustrates a development in the Masoretic tradition.

  • Masorah of Elijah ha-Naqdan af Elodie Attia
    - An Edition of Ashkenazic Micrographical Notes
    af Elodie Attia

    Following Levita's statement, the Masorah transmitted by medieval illuminated manuscripts was generally considered as less significant for the study of the biblical and masoretical knowledge in the Jewish world. The biblical codices produced in Ashkenaz were considerably disregarded compared to Spanish codices. Challenging this assertion, this work engages in a reflection on the link between the standard Eastern tradition and the Ashkenazic biblical text-culture of the 13th century. Elodie Attia provides an edition of thirteen cases taken from MS Vat. Ebr. 14, offering the oldest series of Masoretic notes written inside figurative and ornamental designs. Its critical apparatus offers an unprecedented comparison with the oldest Eastern and Ashkenazic sources to evaluate if the scribe paid more attention to aesthetic details than to the textual contents. In an unexpected way, the Masoretic notes of Elijah ha-Naqdan, even written in figurative forms, show a close philological link with the Masorah of the eastern Tiberian sources and prove that the presence of figurative elements neither represents a loss nor a distortion of Masoretic knowledge, but rather illustrates a development in the Masoretic tradition.

  • Lost Supper af Matthew Colvin
    - Revisiting Passover and the Origins of the Eucharist
    af Matthew Colvin

    What did Jesus intend when he spoke the words, ';This is my body'? The Lost Supper argues that Jesus' words and actions at the Last Supper presupposed an already existing Passover ritual in which the messiah was represented by a piece of bread: Jesus was not instituting new symbolism but using an existing symbol to speak about himself. Drawing on both second temple and early Rabbinic sources, Matthew Colvin places Jesus' words in the Upper Room within the context of historically attested Jewish thought about Passover. The result is a new perspective on the Eucharist: a credible first-century Jewish way of thinking about the Last Supper and Lord's Supper and a sacramentology that is also at work in the letters of the apostle Paul. Such a perspective gives us the historical standpoint to correct Christian assumptions, past and present, about how the Eucharist works and how we ought to celebrate it.

  • Josephus, Paul, and the Fate of Early Christianity af F. B. A. Asiedu
    - History and Silence in the First Century
    af F. B. A. Asiedu

    Flavius Josephus, the priest from Jerusalem who was affiliated with the Pharisees, is our most important source for Jewish life in the first century. His notice about the death of James the brother of Jesus suggests that Josephus knew about the followers of Jesus in Jerusalem and in Judaea. In Rome, where he lived for the remainder of his life after the Jewish War, a group of Christians appear to have flourished, if 1 Clement is any indication. Josephus, however, says extremely little about the Christians in Judaea and nothing about those in Rome. He also does not reference Paul the apostle, a former Pharisee, who was a contemporary of Josephus's father in Jerusalem, even though, according to Acts, Paul and his activities were known to two successive Roman governors (procurators) of Judaea, Marcus Antonius Felix and Porcius Festus, and to King Herod Agrippa II and his sisters Berenice and Drusilla. The knowledge of the Herodians, in particular, puts Josephus's silence about Paul in an interesting light, suggesting that it may have been deliberate.In addition, Josephus's writings bear very little witness to other contemporaries in Rome, so much so that if we were dependent on Josephus alone we might conclude that many of those historical characters either did not exist or had little or no impact in the first century. Asiedu comments on the state of life in Rome during the reign of the Emperor Domitian and how both Josephus and the Christians who produced 1 Clement coped with the regime as other contemporaries, among whom he considers Martial, Tacitus, Pliny the Younger, and others, did. He argues that most of Josephus's contemporaries practiced different kinds of silences in bearing witness to the world around them. Consequently, the absence of references to Jews or Christians in Roman writers of the last three decades of the first century, including Josephus, should not be taken as proof of their non-existence in Flavian Rome.

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