Economic Policy Instruments for Plastic Waste
- A review with Nordic perspectivesaf David Watson, Anna Fråne, Malin zu Castell-Rüdenhausen, Margareta Wahlström, Haben Tekie, Ole Jørgen Hanssen, Magnus Hennlock, Birgitte Kjær, Leonidas Milios, Eldbjørg Vea, Åsa Stenmarc
Achieving a high quality of waste plastic materials and recycling processes is a key challenge in closing the resource loops for plastics. This report reviews the status and trends for plastic waste flows and treatment in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Furthermore, it gives an overview of existing policy instruments and the main challenges for designing policy instruments for improved recycling of plastic waste in these Nordic countries. The report identifies potential market failures associated with closing the resource loops for plastics. It reviews the economics research literature on policy instrument design for achieving optimal recycling rates and makes policy recommendations from the Nordic perspective. Finally, it presents results from a survey on market conditions to managers in the recycling and plastic manufacturing industry in Sweden.
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